Portable Pi – Raspberry Pi with a Motorola Lapdock 100

December 17th, 2014

Having read countless accounts online from people who have taken various lapdocks and paired them with a Raspberry Pi, I thought I would give it a try myself.

I went to Ebay and purchased a Motorola Lapdock 100. It’s a small unit with a cable that comes out that back. This cable has a header with a Micro-USB and Micro-HDMI connector on it. General wisdom seems to be buying series of adapters and cables and then sort of whittling them down until they fit. I dutifully bought the necessary bits but when the Lapdock arrived it seemed much easier to just take apart that cable header instead.

What I discovered is that inside that header is simply the two cables held in place with some soft plastic. Having removed the plastic and cutting back the cable, I have two loose cables that I can use freely.

Lapdock Cable Crop

With the addition of two adapters to bring the two micro connectors up to full size, which the Raspberry Pi needs, I was off and running.

Lapdock with Adapters

With that complete, the Lapdock becomes pretty useful. You can use it not just for the Raspberry Pi, but as a keyboard and display unit for any computer, provided you have a couple adapters.

The next hurdle is getting the Lapdock to turn on and off when you want it to. It’s pretty picky about how it works. The first thing to know is that once the screen turns on, you have to allow it time before it will turn on again. For instance, if you power it up and the screen turns on and then back off, it won’t turn on again until you’ve waited a couple of minutes. Just be patient.

I have a little system that works for me to reliably power it on but it’s a bit more complex than would be ideal.

Firstly, I power on the Pi via external power. That is to say, I use a USB port or wall adapter to power on the Pi. Once the Pi is on and I can see disk activity, I then plug in the HDMI cable for the lapdock and the USB cable. Every time I power it up this way, it works.

If I power on the Pi via the USB port on the Lapdock, the screen never shows anything and it just turns back off.

The good news is though, once the Lapdock is showing the Pi on it’s screen you can disconnect the Micro-USB power cable. The Pi will continue to get power via the USB cable from the lapdock, even though it’s not plugged into the ‘power’ USB jack.

So:

Step 0: Unplug everything from the Lapdock, including the power adapter and wait for at least a minute.

Step 1: Power on the Pi using a micro-USB cable into another computer or a wall adapter and count to 5.

Step 2: Plug in the HDMI cable from the lapdock and the USB cable. You don’t need to rush but you should plug in the USB cable within about 10 seconds of the HDMI cable, or the screen will turn off and you have to wait again.

Step 3: Confirm that the Raspberry Pi is displaying on the screen of the lapdock and then disconnect the external power from the Pi.

Lapdock - No External Power

For me, this works every time without issue but there is a little more to it.

As you may know, the Rapsberry Pi checks for an HDMI connection when it turns on. If one isn’t detected it will disable the HDMI port. Since we are powering on the Pi without the HDMI connection, we have to force the Pi to use that connection even though nothing is detected. To that end, a file called ‘config.txt’ needs to be edited.

When you are setting up your Pi from your Mac or PC, you have to copy an image to an SD or MicroSD card. As a part of that process a couple of partitions are made on the card and files copied into them. Do some Googling if curious, others do a much better explanation than I.

One of those created partitions is compatible with Windows and Mac machines and will appear as writable when you insert the memory card into your computer. It’s usually called boot, BOOT, NO NAME, etc. If you see a config.txt file in there you can add these lines to it, or you can simply create the file yourself. Be careful though, it has to be called config.txt and both Windows and Mac computers will try to add other extensions, which they will likely hide from you. I would double check the file name from the command prompt or terminal. (Or from the Pi, assuming you have a different monitor you can hook up to it, it’s located in /boot)


#This line forces the Pi to enable the HDMI connection even if nothing is detected.
hdmi_force_hotplug=1

#These lines tell the Pi about the display on the Lapdock so that the display looks as good as it can.
hdmi_group=2
hdmi_mode=0x51

#These last two lines are probably optional but I added them when testing.
# Should enable sound via the HDMI connection
hdmi_drive=2
#Boosts the signal on the HDMI cable
config_hdmi_boost=4

For me, the config.txt file get’s erased from time to time. When I do a big OS update or a firmware update on the Pi the file will have all of my settings removed.. which causes my Lapdock to not work properly. Without those lines the Pi won’t enable the HDMI port on boot and the Lapdock just shows a blank screen for a few seconds and goes off.

If that happens, just pop the memory card back into your computer and make sure those lines are present. Put the card back into the Pi and get back to happy computing.

Happy Computing!

Topslakr

2 Responses to “Portable Pi – Raspberry Pi with a Motorola Lapdock 100”

  1. mack505on 17 Dec 2014 at 1:45 pm

    RT @topslakr: Portable Pi – Raspberry Pi with a Motorola Lapdock 100: http://t.co/GYW5OZYpwt

  2. mack505on 17 Dec 2014 at 1:45 pm

    @topslakr need to try that

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